You’ve probably heard of the terms Tor and dark web in the media. However, using these websites isn’t so dangerous as it sounds. In fact, it’s quite easy to get up and running.
The dark web consists of pages that aren’t found by search engines like Google. It’s the part of the internet where data and information that is normally private is stored. Email inboxes and Google Drive folders are stored on the deep web. They’re not accessible to the public when browsing with a standard browser.
There are a myriad of websites on the dark web that have legitimate reasons. SecureDrop, for example, is a dark-web website that allows anonymously submitting sensitive information by whistleblowers. There are other websites where people can buy and sell stolen credentials, including passwords and credit card numbers. These are referred to as «marketplaces. The most famous examples are Silk Road, AlphaBay and many others.
The key to surfing the dark web is a network dubbed Tor that carries your data through a variety of servers run by volunteers that are scattered across the globe. This makes it impossible for anyone to identify your movements. Tor is named that way because the data it encrypts goes through a number of layers similar to the onion layering on a pizza, which helps protect your anonymity.